History and Geography

The teaching of History and Geography at Gilbrook is delivered through the use of Cornerstones Topics which are delivered over a 3 year rolling programme. Each key stage has its own programme. Each topic has a main focus which is either science, history or geography based but within most there are sub focuses for history or geography.  At the end of each programme the topics are reviewed to see if they have been successful in meeting the objectives of the National Curriculum and more importantly that the children have enjoyed them and been able to access them effectively. A table of the topics are at the end of this item with their relevant history or geography focus.

Also as part of our ongoing strive to ensure aspects of the National Curriculum are covered each subject leader will annually choose a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) for geography and history. These are sequential developmental skills which form a focus for targeting a specific geography or history objective and are used to assess progress using our assessment program Target Tracker. This progress is monitored by the subject leader through discussions with staff and work scrutinies.

 

History

Our history curriculum aims to inspire our pupils’ curiosity to know more about the past. History helps pupils to understand the process of change, the diversity of societies as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time. Visits to historical sites and museums are carried out to support topic work whenever possible and visitors are encouraged to come into school to share their knowledge and experiences. In History, the teaching of ‘time’, movement of time,and linking events across time periods is carried out in appropriate classes. Staff are aware that some children, particularly those with ASC, may find the concept of time difficult and may need to revisit it consistently. Gradually as thechild become more mature and or able, they concentrate on past events, lifestyles and activities of people in the past.

The National Curriculum programmes of study which we currently aim to cover within our topics are;

KSI

  • Changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life
  • Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London.
  • The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements such as Neil Armstrong and Mary Seacole
  • Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality

KS2

  • The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor. This also encompasses a local history study of the Wirral.
  • a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066-Tudors and 2WW
  • the achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of the following: Ancient Egypt
  • Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world

Other programmes of study required by the National Curriculum and not covered here are form part of our review process.

Current KPI

  • I can understand key features of events and talk about them
  • I can talk about famous people from the past and what they have done
  • I can provide an account of an historical event
  • I can describe and understand a range of societies from the past

 

 

Geography

At our school it is our intention that Geography will inspire pupils with a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them throughout their lives. We aim to offer opportunities for children to explore the world in order to develop an understanding of the human and physical world in which they live in and their place within it. We aim to promote the children’s interest and understanding about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.

It is our intention that Geography will promote children’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development helping them to have a greater understanding of their place in the world, and their rights and responsibilities to other people and the environment.  We encourage the children to ask questions about the world and provide opportunities for them to develop geographical skills and knowledge to be able to answer them.

The National Curriculum programmes of study which we aim to cover within our topics are;

KS1

  • Locational knowledge-locating and naming cities and countries and some habitats
  • Place knowledge – understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country
  • Human and physical geography – identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
  • Geographical skills and fieldwork – use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage

Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and       locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map

 

KS2

  • Locational knowledge- locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location ofRussia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities and name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and

their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

  • Place knowledge- understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human andphysical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country,and a region within North or South America
  • Human and physical geography – describe and understand key aspects of: physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers,mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

: human geography- including: types of settlement and land use, economic activityincluding trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy,food, minerals and water.

 

Geography – key stages 1 and 2

 

  • Geographical skills and fieldwork – use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries anddescribe features studied

Use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world

Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Other programmes of study required by the National Curriculum and not covered here are form part of our review process.

 

Current KPI

  • I can name, describe and compare places I know
  • I can make simple maps.
  • I can use simple compass directions- N/S/E/W and locational and directional language e.g near/far
  • I can use the 8 points of a compass
  • I can understand why there are similarities and differences between places
  • I can develop my mapping skills, use world maps, atlases and globes
  • I can compare the physical features of a region of the UK and a region somewhere else in the world identifying similarities and differences
  • I can develop my mapping

 

KS1

Year 1 2019/2020

Title Focus
1 The Enchanted Woodland Science

Geography-Making maps

2 Great Fire of London* History

History-Events beyond living memory

3 Moon Zoom Science

History-Significant people

Geography-Satellite images

4 Rio de Vida Science

Geography- Locating countries and cities.

Comparing areas of UK with Rio

5 Wirral* Geography

History- Events beyond living memory

Geography-Local area study

6 Superheroes History

History-historical heroes/heroines

 

 

 

Year 2 2020/2021

Title Focus
1 Houses and homes* History

History-Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality

Geography-geographical skills and fieldwork

2 Muck, mess and mixtures Science

 

3 Splendid Skies Science

History-Significant people-Beaufort

Geography-Seasonal and daily weather patterns

4 Dinosaurs History

Geography- Locating continents and oceans

History- Events beyond living memory

Significant individuals-Anning

5 Wriggle and crawl Science

Geography-Fieldwork

6 Holidays and Transport* Geography

History-Changes within living memory

Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality

Geography- Human and physical geography and a local study

 

Year3 2021/2022

Title Focus
1 This is me* History and Geography

History-Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality

Geography-geographical skills and fieldwork-where I live

2 Bounce Science

History-Significant individuals-sporting heroes

 

3 Beat Band Boogie Science

Geography-Making sketch maps

4 Scrumdiddlyumptious Geography

Geography- Fair trade

History-Significant individuals-James Lind

5 Paws, claws and whiskers Science

Geography-Using and making maps

Describing physical features

6 Bright Lights Geography

History-Changes within living memory

Significant historical events. Geography- Countries and capitals of the UK. Using locational language and maps.

Geographical similarities

 

*These are not Cornerstone topics

 

 

 

KS2

Year 1 2019/2020

Title Focus
1 Potions Science

History-Historic use of potions

2 Traders and Raiders History

History-Anglo Saxons and Vikings

Geography-Using maps, settlements and Europe

3 Road Trip USA Geography

Geography-Using world and USA maps

Human and physical geography

History-Native Americans

4 Flow Geography

Geography- Using maps, fieldwork, water cycle. Human and physical feature. Rivers of the world. Counties and cities of the UK

5 Gods and Mortals History

History- Ancient Greece

Geography-Ancient and Modern Greece. Geographical features. Using maps

6 Playlist Science

Geography-Location of countries

 

Year 2 2020/2021

Title Focus
1 A child’s war History

History-2nd WW

Geography-Human geography. Cities of the UK

2 Blue Abyss Geography/Science

History-19th century ocean exploration

Geography-Seas and oceans of the world. Great Barrier reef. Environmental issues

3 Might Metals Science

 

4 Pharaohs History

Geography- Human and physical features of Egypt. The River Nile. Tourism

5 Burps, bottoms and bile Science

Geography-Ancient and Modern Greece. Geographical features. Using maps

6 Hola Mexico Geography

Geography-Using maps. Human and physical geography of Mexico.

History-Ancient Maya civilization

 

Y3 2021/2022

Title Focus
Heroes and Villains History

History-significant people through time.

Protest songs

Geography-location of individuals

Frozen Kingdom Geography

History-Emigration and exploration in the early 1900s

Geography-Features of the Polar Region Environmental issues

Stargazers Science

History-Significant Individuals. 1960’s space race

Geography-Locating physical features

 

Off with her head History

Geography- Historic maps

History-The Tudors

Predator Science

Geography-Fieldwork;using maps to locate countries and continents

Misty Mountain Sierra Geography

Geography-Using maps. Human and physical geography